A Cooperative Research on the governance of radioactive waste management

COWAM 2 Final Reports

Wednesday 25 July 2007

COWAM 2 is a research project that brought together over the course of three years a diverse group of stakeholders, to investigate the range of governance issues in radioactive waste management. You will find here the reports of their work together.

A major aspect of the COWAM 2 project is its “cooperative research” nature. A specific methodology was developed and tested as part of the project. This methodology is a core element and result of the project.

The FINAL SYNTHESIS REPORT reports the methodology and main findings of the project.

COWAM 2 comprised four thematic cooperative research groups. Each group brought together some thirty local and national stakeholders six times over the course of the project, supported by research-contractors with the task of documenting and developing the research outcomes. Each group provided specific analysis and recommendations:

WorkPackage 1

The “local democracy” group shared knowledge about local committee building, with the aim of identifying best practice in applying local democracy to nuclear related issues in Europe. Examples of best practice are proposed which reflect the diversity of experience found in different European contexts.

- Final report, “Roadmap for Local Committee Construction”

- CHK3 report, “Impact of Nuclear Information on Young People’s Knowledge and Attitudes in Romania”
- CHK4 report, “Genesis of an approach : from public non-participation to participation in LILW site selection process in Slovenia”
- PT1 report, “Tools for Local Stakeholders in radioactive Waste Governance” (long version)
- PT1 report, “Tools for Local Stakeholders in radioactive Waste Governance” (short version)
- PT2 report, “Guidance on the Selection of PTA Tools”

WorkPackage 2

The group on “influence of local actors on the national decision-making process” clarified (i) effective mechanisms for local players to influencing national decision-making processes, (ii) key conditions for legitimate decision making in terms of the relationships and distribution of power between local and national players at different stages of the decision processes.

- Final report, “Influence of Local Actors on National Decision-making Processes”

- Appendix 1, List of WP2 stakeholders
- Appendix 2, First French case study, “The influence of the local community of Dunkirk on the process of elaboration of the 30th July 2003 Law for the prevention of natural and technological risks”
- Appendix 3, Second French case study, “Local independent expertise as a mechanism of influence on national policy processes: the independent assessment of ANDRA’s research programme led by the IEER on request of the CLIS of Bure”
- Appendix 4, First Spanish case study, “Estudio Sociológico Sobre La A.M.A.C. Y El Hecho Nuclear En España”
- Appendix 5, Second Spanish case study, “Participación Institucional De Los Municipios En El Proceso De Toma De Decisiones Para El Emplazamiento De Un Almacenamiento De Residuos Radiactivos”
- Appendix 6, First UK case study, “Public and Stakeholders Engagement in the Decision processes of the Committee on Radioactive WasteManagement (CoRWM)»
- Appendix 7, Second UK case study, “Influence of Local Communities on Decision Processes: Experience of Copeland and Shetland Islands”
- Appendix 8, “Mechanisms for Local Influence on National Decision Making Processes in Radioactive Waste Management »
- Appendix 9, “Principles and Good Practices for Local Actors to Influence National Decision-Making Processes »
- Appendix 10, “Balance of Power: Principles and Good Practices for Local Stakeholders to Influence National Decision-Making Processes”

WorkPackage 3

The group on “quality of the decision-making process” (Work Package 3) worked out recommendations for designing and implementing a robust decision-making process or for judging an existing decision-making process. The recommendations take the form of propositions to assist stakeholders in making decisions or evaluations.

- Final report, “Decision-Making Processes in Radioactive Waste Governance, Insights and Recommendations”

- Appendix to the final report, “Synopsis of National Decision-making Processes” (covering the following countries : Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, France, Hungary, Netherlands, Romania, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom)
- WP 3 (2004/2005): Proposed Framework for Decision-making Processes. Revised July 2005

WorkPackage 4

The purpose of the “long term governance” group (Work Package 4) was to identify, discuss and analyse the institutional, ethical, economic and legal considerations raised by the existence of a site for long term waste storage or deep geological disposal. The main issues were: ethical stakes, continuity and sustainability of surveillance, and efficiency of financing schemes.

- Final report, “Long term Governance for Radioactive Waste Management”

- Annex of the Final Report of COWAM2-Work Package 4

Contents of the annex:
- Ethical guidelines: point of view of Herman Damveld - Independent researcher and publicist - The Netherlands
- Ethical guidelines: point of view of Eckhard Kruse – Gartow church representative – Germany
- Nuclear waste management and long term considerations in Sweden - contribution from Olov Holmstrand - The Waste Network – Sweden
- Radioactive waste management in Germany - overview of current status - Jürgen Wollrath - BfS – Germany
- Recommendations by MONA regarding the socio-economic aspects associated with the installation of a nuclear waste disposal in Mol - H. Ceulemans, B. Meus, L. Vanhoof - MONA – Belgium
- ESDRED & technology development - Contribution to Final COWAM II Report, Wolf Seidler - ANDRA – France
- Commission Particulière du débat public sur la gestion des déchets radioactifs - Extract from the Summary of the Final Minutes - January 2006
- What is “long term”? Definitions and implications, T. Flüeler - ETH – Switzerland
- Ethics of compensation and funding: which governance for the long term?, M. Bovy - SCK-CEN – Belgium
- Strengths and weaknesses of ethical values and principles, G. Bombaerts, SCK-CEN

WorkPackage 5

Additionally, participants were involved in three annual National Sessions where they had the opportunity to reflect on the meaning of the ongoing thematic governance research in their national and local contexts.

- Final report, National Insights (covering the following countries : Belgium, Germany, France, Hungary, Romania, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, United Kingdom)


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